What is the cause of telogen effluvium and what’s the treatment of this disease?

October 23,

Telogen effluvium causes hair loss both women and men. It is a disease leading to thinning hair on the head,which is  usually being caused by long-term nervous tension, chronic stress, childbirth, iron or zinc deficiency. How to recognize the symptoms? Are there methods to stop the process of hair loss?

Growth phases of hair and hair loss

Human hair does not grow continuously, but according to specific developmental stages. Our hair follicles are located on the scalp  randomly, and their development is divided into phases. The first phase is the period of growth ( anagen).  About ninety percent of a healthy human hair is in this stage. The life of  hair  oscillates between three to six years, where in the first phase is the fastest division of hair matrix. The transition phase ( catagen) usually includes one percent of hair, and  resting phase( telogen ) includes ten to twenty percent of the hair on the scalp. The period of rest usually takes between two to four months. During this last phase the hair becomes weaker, its growth is stunted and as a result the hair fall out. On a healthy human’s head  appears  new hair soon. It’s a continuous and chronic hair replacement. Every day, we loose about a hundred hair during combing or washing, which is only a small percentage of the total number of hair on the scalp, so there is nothing to worry about.

However, when the amount of hair loss increases, we should more accurately observe the changes. The cause of excessive loss of hair on the scalp may be caused by alopecia or other disease. It is necessary to visit a trychologist, who is easily able to determine the cause of problems with the scalp and hair. The results of specialized research  help to choose the appropriate method of treatment.

Causes of Hair Loss

  • Hormonal disorders
  • Iron deficiency
  • Excessive hair oiliness,
  • Deficiencies of vitamin
  • Stress
  • Autoimmune diseases (eg. Rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, thyroid)

 

Symptoms of telogen effluvium

Telogen effluvium is characterized by a general thinning of the hair on the scalp. This leads to  reduction of the amount of hair almost on the entire area. There are more and more strands found on the pillow after a night’s rest, increasing number of hair on the brush or comb. Telogen effluvium can occur episodically or chronically. The length of treatment depends  on the reason that caused the condition. Although more and more hair retires, there is no damage to the hair follicles, so hair still grows back. Unfortunately, they are very short. In some cases, ,  telogen effluvium affects not only the scalp hair, but hair on the whole body. Therefore we might notice substantially smaller amount of axillary hair or limbs hair. It’s often that the eyebrows also get thinner .

Causes of telogen effluvium?

The most common causes of telogen effluvium are long-lasting nervous tension, mental stress, taking certain medications, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, absorption disorders, hormonal disorders, chronic systemic diseases, poisoning by heavy metals, surgery, childbirth, HIV infection.

Methods of treating  telogen effluvium.

The first step is to remove the cause of excessive hair loss. In most cases,  recognising a disease , the correct diagnosis, and then eliminating the source of the problem benefits to hair regrowth. Trycholog may take appropriate treatment of the disease based on the medical test results . The key is to complement  deficiencies or regulate the disordered hormones. You can also support the treatment by using shampoos, conditioners, and tablets available without a prescription, intended for people struggling with the problem of excessive hair loss. To improve the condition of hair we should remember about vitamin-mineral complexes containing vitamin B , A, C, E and minerals – zinc and selenium. It’s recommended to use extracts of field horsetail, grape seed and green tea.

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Author Kate

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